Ranscombe Farm, Kent - 14/06/20

 Ranscombe is a very large reserve for rare plants and wildlife located near Cuxton managed by Plantlife. I highly recommend people to visit as it contains an amazing variety of both common and rare wildflowers. Don't be put off by the word "Farm" as it isn't just fields, there are several ancient woodland areas and even chalk grassland too.


As such, wild orchids feature heavily and several species are found here. I added Bird's Nest Orchids to the list of those found here a few years back when I saw some on the edge of the Great Wood. 

One of the commoner orchids found here is the Bee Orchid which is common especially on the northern edge of the reserve. But in 2019 a special variant was found which is an amazing variant that I haven't seen anywhere else. So I went to visit and have a look for myself.


Here it is.



It's not uncommon for a Bee Orchid to show variation, but what is rare is for a whole colony to show this variation and where they were found there were at least 20 seperate plants all showing like those above.



Ophrys apifera (possibly) var. cambrensis


Surprisingly, these weren't located on chalk turf but hiding under fronds of Bracken on the acidic soils that cap the chalk higher up a hillside. You can see the Bracken fronds in the first photo above. Experts determined these may be var. cambrensis, though I remain unconvinced when I compared these photos to the herbarium material. See also https://bsbi.org/wp-content/uploads/dlm_uploads/Kent-Botany-2019.pdf for the original find in 2019.

 


 

What an amazing set of Bee Orchids! It is this variation that makes the Bee Orchid one of the most interesting to find. One always has to bend down just to check it isn't one of the variants or perhaps even a new one!

 Ranscombe Farm though is far more than orchids. There are millions of wildflowers there, some planted, but most naturally occurring from the seedbank. Herbicide use is minimal and the wildflowers respond as if from the days of old. A marvellous sight to see.  Here's a crop of poppies, but in between them were all sorts of arable plants missing from the vast majority of modern intensively farmed fields. You can make out the intense green spikes of Weld in the centre and Flax is dotted around along with Phacelia and Wild Radish varieties.


 
What follows is a selection of photos I took this day at this amazing place.

xxxx

 

This is the Corncockle. 

Agrostemma githago


 

Stinking Chamomile

Anthemis cotula

 


 

 

 

Columbine (Wild)

Aquilegia vulgaris


 

Wild Liquorice

Astragallos glycyphyllos





Common Centaury

Centaurium erythraea

 

Rosebay Willowherb

Chamaenarium angustifolium

Dwarf Spurge

Euphorbia exigua



Common Rockrose

Helianthemum nummularium


A view across the famous Kitchen Field, full of rare arable plants with the southern flank of the Great Wood on its border.




Venus's Looking Glass

Legousia hybrida


 

 

 

 












 

 

Common Gromwell

Lithospermum officinale


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I also managed to find just a single Fly Orchid remaining with the rest all now in seed and withered away. This one from the Mill Hill woods area.


Ophrys insectifera











There were some nice examples of Common Broomrape too, their flowers were unusually purple.

Orobanche minor

One of the fine views at Ranscombe.





Field Pennycress

Thlaspi arvense


















Hop Trefoil

Trifolium campestre


















Vervain

Verbena officinalis

Tufted Vetch

Vicia cracca




Bush Vetch

Vicia sepium










 

 

Of course I saw lots more, but one has to draw a line somewhere. There's always interesting things to see here, throughout the year too, including a wealth of fungi, insects, birds, mammals, you name it, much can be found at Ranscombe. Why not join Plantlife and contribute to its conservation work too.

https://www.plantlife.org.uk/uk

 

More views:

 


 

Take Care

Dave

@Barbus59


 

Comments

  1. Great blog and so pleased that you are well enough to blog! Super photos. Good to see the not so common Common Gromwell!

    ReplyDelete
  2. After your post on finding the corncockle, I have purchased seeds for our lawnmeadow, so hope see them come next summer. Ranscombe is a special place, loved to see it at high summer with the poppies out.

    ReplyDelete

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